have your eyes checked regularly is extremely important, and even more so after reaching the age of 30 and wearing glasses or contact lenses. This is because you need to track changes in your vision, if any, and ensure that no new problem begins to develop.
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Some of these problems may not show physical symptoms until much later, hence the importance of consulting an expert, says Dr. Neeraj Sanduja, MBBS, MS – Ophthalmology, Ophthalmologist, Eye Surgeon.
“These eye tests are even more important if you suffer from Diabetes, high blood pressure, or have a family history of eye disease. Of course, between exams, if you notice any changes or have injured your eye in any way, you should contact your ophthalmologist as soon as possible,” he said.
During a routine eye exam, A doctor will review your personal and family history of any eye conditions to see if you are at particular risk for eye problems, then perform some of the following eye tests:
1. Vision: the doctor will check nearsightedness (myopia)farsightedness (farsightedness), but also presbyopia or astigmatism.
2. Eye muscle coordination: During this time, the doctor will move the light in a set pattern to check your ability to use both eyes together.
3. Color test: The doctor will ask you to describe some figures in a series of illustrations composed of many colored circles which will test your ability to differentiate between colors.
4. Pupil response to light: For this, the doctor will illuminate your pupils and notice the reaction.
5. Fluid pressure measurement: The expert will measure your eye pressure using a tonometer. High blood pressure can be an early indicator of glaucoma or other illnesses.
6. Function and health of the eyelids: The doctor will examine the eyelids inside and out.
7. Peripheral vision: In this case, the doctor will move an object to the end of your vision to make sure you can see it.
8. The inside and back of the eye: The doctor will use an instrument called an ophthalmoscope to see through the retina and your optic nerve to the back of the eye, as this is where the clues of many diseases appear for the first time.
To ensure better vision as you age, do the following:
● Regular eye tests
● Wear prescription glasses
● Adopt a healthy lifestyle
● Do not smoke
● Check your blood sugar, blood pressure and heart rate cholesterol levels are normal: These diseases are not only related to cardiovascular disorders but also increase the risk of vision loss due to adverse changes in the blood vessels of the eyes.
Common eye problems associated with aging are:
● Dry eyes
● Age-related macular degeneration
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