According to information from Defense24 Norway is considering handing over some of its self-propelled cannon howitzers to Ukraine. There is talk of 20 examples of the M109A3GN self-propelled howitzer. Norway currently has 56 such howitzers, but only 14 are on the line. The remaining 42 gun-howitzers are in equipment reserve. Most likely, 20 machines will be selected, which will be delivered to Ukraine. This would be the fourth 155mm self-propelled artillery system proposed to Ukraine, after the German PzH2000, Belgian M109A4BE and French CAESAR wheeled howitzers.
On February 28, 2022, the Norwegian government allocated around €267 million for humanitarian assistance to Ukraine and provided military equipment such as helmets and bulletproof vests to the war-torn country. Norway has also provided €34 million in humanitarian support in response to Russia’s attack on Ukraine, mainly to the UN Refugee Agency, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and the Ukraine Humanitarian Fund. .
As regards military aid to Ukraine, Norway has already provided the Ukrainian armed forces with 5,000 helmets, 1,500 bulletproof vests and 1,000 gas masks, 2,000 sleeping bags, 10,000 sleeping mats and 15,000 field rations, 4,000 M72 LAW anti-tank rockets and 100 Mistral air defense missiles and various launchers.
The M109A3GN is the Norwegian version of the M109A3G, which is a German upgrade to the American M-109A3 armed with a new 39-caliber barrel that can fire upgraded 155mm ammunition, including high explosives, illumination and smoke, all of which it can be fired up to a maximum range of 24,700 m. Enhanced range projectiles, such as the base bleed, can be fired at a range of 30,000m.
Between 1969 and 1971, Denmark purchased 126 M109Gs from West Germany. They were then upgraded to the M109A3GN configuration during the second half of the 1980s.
In 2007, 14 of the M109A3GNs received additional upgrades and were designated M109A3GNM. The update includes, among other things, a new intercom and new navigation and positioning systems. The M109A3GNMs are currently the only self-propelled howitzers remaining in active service and the rest of the M109s have been placed in storage.
According to Military Balance 2021, the Norwegian Army has a total of 48 155mm self-propelled tracked howitzers, including 24 South Korean K9 Thunder and 24 M109A3GN soon to be retired from active service. In December 2019, Norway selected the 24 K9 Thunder, a South Korean-made 155mm self-propelled howitzer to replace its current M109A3GNMs dating from the 1960s.